In responsorial singing, the soloist (or choir) sings a series of verses, each one followed by a response from the choir (or congregation). In antiphonal singing, the verses are sung alternately by soloist and choir, or by choir and congregation.
PLAINCHANT (also plainsong; Latin: cantus planus) is a body of chants used in the liturgies of the Western Church. Plainsong is monophonic, consisting of a single, unaccompanied melodic line. Its rhythm is generally freer than the metered rhythm of later Western music.
Additionally, what is responsorial music? Responsorial singing, style of singing in which a leader alternates with a chorus, especially in liturgical chant. Responsorial singing, also known as call-and-response, is found in the folk music of many cultures—e.g., Native American, African, and African American. Compare antiphonal singing.
In this manner, what does antiphonal mean in music?
Antiphonal music is that performed by two choirs in interaction, often singing alternate musical phrases. Antiphonal psalmody is the singing or musical playing of psalms by alternating groups of performers. The term “antiphony” can also refer to a choir-book containing antiphons.
What is the difference between Gregorian chant and troubadour music?
Most written secular music was composed by troubadours between the 12th and 13th centuries. Over 1650 troubadour melodies have survived. They do not have a rhythm, yet they do have regular meter and definite beat. That’s their difference from Gregorian Chant which has no meter at all.
When did polyphony start to become important?
The inscription is believed to date back to the start of the 10th century and is the setting of a short chant dedicated to Boniface, patron Saint of Germany. It is the earliest practical example of a piece of polyphonic music – the term given to music that combines more than one independent melody – ever discovered.
What is monophonic chant?
The earliest recorded Christian monophony was plainchant or plainsong (of which one well-known style was called Gregorian chant) a single unaccompanied vocal melody sung by monks. Sung by multiple voices in unison (i.e. the same pitch and rhythm), this music is still considered monophonic.
What are the characteristics of plainchant?
Characteristics of Plainchant monophonic in texture (a single line) sung a cappella. sung in Latin. non-metric. composed in modes, or modal.
Why is it called Gregorian chant?
Gregorian chant, monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours, or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, during whose papacy (590–604) it was collected and codified.
Who created plainchant?
Pope Gregory I
Are all Plainchants Gregorian chants?
Plainchant Today Today, Gregorian chants are still being sung in Roman Catholic churches around the world. It is set to Latin text and sung, either solo or by a choir. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, plainchant remained in vogue as a relaxing kind of classical music.
What language is plainchant?
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.
What does Heterophonic mean?
In music, heterophony is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line. Thai music in its horizontal complex is made up of a main melody played simultaneously with variants of it which progress in relatively slower and faster rhythmic units
What is homophonic texture?
Homophonic. The most common texture in Western music: melody and accompaniment. Multiple voices of which one, the melody, stands out prominently and the others form a background of harmonic accompaniment. If all the parts have much the same rhythm, the homophonic texture can also be described as homorhythmic.
What is an antiphonal texture?
Antiphonal texture. An antiphonal texture is when there is more than one group of instruments or voices, usually placed in different parts of a church or concert venue. There is usually dialogue between the two groups and melodic ideas will be passed between them.
What is texture in music terms?
In music, texture is how the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece. For example, a thick texture contains many “layers” of instruments.
What is contrapuntal texture?
A polyphonic/contrapuntal texture consists of weaving together two or more equally important melodic lines which fit together harmonically. A polyphonic/contrapuntal texture typically sounds busy. Imitative, canonic: To imitate means to copy and this is exactly what happens in the music.
What is an antiphon in the Catholic Mass?
Antiphon, in Roman Catholic liturgical music, chant melody and text sung before and after a psalm verse, originally by alternating choirs (antiphonal singing). The antiphon text normally referred to the meaning of the feast day or the psalm.
What is the meaning of responsorial psalm?
adjective. (of a psalm or liturgical chant) recited in parts with a congregational response between each part. ‘The words of the responsorial psalm (the response today was ‘In every age, O Lord, you have been our refuge’) fit very comfortably with the vocal ethos of blues.’