FMA. 66204. Anatomical terms of bone. The intercondylar area is the separation between the medial and lateral condyle on the upper extremity of the tibia. The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments and the menisci attach to the intercondylar area.
Anatomical terminology. The intercondylar fossa of femur (intercondyloid fossa of femur, intercondylar notch of femur) is a deep notch between the rear surfaces of the medial and lateral epicondyle of the femur, two protrusions on the distal end of the femur (thigh bone) that joins the knee.
Similarly, what ligaments are found in the intercondylar fossa? The intercondylar fossa is the home to many important ligaments of the knee, including the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
Correspondingly, where is the intercondylar eminence located?
The intercondylar area is located between the proximal articular surfaces of the medial and lateral tibial condyles. It is non-articular. In the middle of the intercondylar area are: intercondylar eminence: narrow, raised central part of the intercondylar area.
How big is an ACL?
From its femoral attachment, the ACL runs anteriorly, medially, and distally to the tibia. Its length ranges from 22 to 41 mm (mean, 32 mm) and its width from 7 to 12 mm.
What is Intercondylar extension?
Preferred Name. Open treatment of humeral supracondylar or transcondylar fracture, includes internal fixation, when performed; with intercondylar extension. Synonyms. Open reduction of supracondylar fracture of humerus with intercondylar extension, with internal fixation. ID.
Where is the patellar surface?
The Patella. The patella (knee-cap) is located at the front of the knee joint, within the patellofemoral groove of the femur. Its superior aspect is attached to the quadriceps tendon, and inferior aspect to the patellar ligament.
Where is the anterior crest of the tibia?
The anterior crest or border, the most prominent of the three, commences above at the tuberosity, and ends below at the anterior margin of the medial malleolus. It is sinuous and prominent in the upper two-thirds of its extent, but smooth and rounded below; it gives attachment to the deep fascia of the leg.
Why are females more susceptible to ACL injury?
THE ANSWER: Overwhelmingly, female athletes put greater stress on their knees (and particularly the ACL) as a result of different biomechanics. Three factors in particular have been identified: Females’ knees are more” Turned In” (toward the midline of the body). Females’ knees are less bent when jumping and landing.
What is medial femoral condyle?
FMA. 32858. Anatomical terms of bone. The medial condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of femur, the other being the lateral condyle. The medial condyle is larger than the lateral (outer) condyle due to more weight bearing caused by the centre of mass being medial to the knee.
What is Trochlear groove?
The patella rests in a groove on top of the femur called the trochlear groove. When you bend and straighten your knee, the patella moves back and forth inside this groove. A slippery substance called articular cartilage covers the ends of the femur, trochlear groove, and the underside of the patella.
What compartment of the knee is the Trochlea in?
Within the patellofemoral compartment, the patella lies in a groove on the top of the femur called the trochlea. When you bend or straighten your knee, the patella moves back and forth inside this trochlear groove.
What is the end of the tibia called?
At the lower end of the tibia there is a medial extension (the medial malleolus), which forms part of the ankle joint and articulates with the talus (anklebone) below; there is also a fibular notch, which meets the lower end of the shaft of the fibula.
Where is the tibial tuberosity located?
(Tuberosity labeled at top.) The tuberosity of the tibia or tibial tuberosity or tibial tubercle is a large oblong elevation on the proximal, anterior aspect of the tibia, just below where the anterior surfaces of the lateral and medial tibial condyles end.
What is the tibial plateau?
A tibial plateau fracture is a break of the upper part of the tibia (shinbone) that involves the knee joint. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and a decreased ability to move the knee. Occasionally, if the bones are well aligned and the ligaments of the knee are intact, people may be treated without surgery.
What is Gerdy’s tubercle?
Gerdy’s tubercle is a lateral tubercle of the tibia, located where the iliotibial tract inserts. It was named after French surgeon Pierre Nicolas Gerdy (1797–1856). It can be fractured along with the tibial tuberosity. It has been used as a source for bone grafts.
Where is the lateral malleolus located?
The medial malleolus is the prominence on the inner side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the tibia. The lateral malleolus is the prominence on the outer side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the fibula.
Where is the adductor tubercle located?
The adductor tubercle is a tubercle on the Lower extremity of the femur (thigh bone). The medial lips of the linea aspera ends below at the summit of the medial condyle, in a small tubercle, the adductor tubercle, which affords insertion to the tendon of the vertical fibers of adductor magnus.