Standard Precautions include: 1) hand hygiene, 2) use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, facemasks), depending on the anticipated exposure, 3) respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, 4) safe injection practices, and 5) safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient
Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).
Likewise, what are examples of standard precautions? Standard precautions include:
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, masks)
- Safe injection practices.
- Safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and.
- Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.
Considering this, what is meant by standard precautions?
Standard Precautions. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.
What are the 10 standard precautions?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?
Unless visible blood is present, the following body fluids are NOT considered to be potentially infectious: feces. nasal secretions. saliva.
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others: Wash your hands often. Get vaccinated. Use antibiotics sensibly. Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. Be smart about food preparation. Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. Practice safer sex. Don’t share personal items.
Are tears considered infectious?
Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.
What is PPE in safety?
PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes respiratory protective equipment (RPE).
For what reasons did the CDC created standard precautions?
Standard Precautions for All Patient Care. Standard Precautions are used for all patient care. They’re based on a risk assessment and make use of common sense practices and personal protective equipment use that protect healthcare providers from infection and prevent the spread of infection from patient to patient.
What are the five basic principles for infection control?
These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).
Why would someone be on droplet precautions?
Droplet precautions are needed to prevent the spread of a patient’s illness to family members, visitors, staff members, and other patients. A patient will be placed on droplet precautions when he or she has an infection with germs that can be spread to others by speaking, sneezing, or coughing.
Why do we need standard precautions?
Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.
When should PPE be used?
Personal protective equipment (PPE) helps prevent the spread of germs in the hospital. This can protect people and health care workers from infections. All hospital staff, patients, and visitors should use PPE when there will be contact with blood or other bodily fluids.
What are the components of the standard precautions?
Standard precautions include: hand hygiene, before and after every episode of patient contact (‘WHO’s 5 moments’) the use of personal protective equipment. the safe use and disposal of sharps. routine environmental cleaning. reprocessing of reusable medical equipment and instruments. respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.
What is the difference between standard precaution and universal precaution?
The term universal precautions refers to the concept that all blood and bloody body fluids should be treated as infectious because patients with bloodborne infections can be asymptomatic or unaware they are infected. Standard precautions must be used in the care of all patients, regardless of their infection status.
When did universal precautions start?
Introduction. Universal precautions were introduced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1985, mostly in response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic.
How can you control the spread of infection in the workplace?
Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include: Get the appropriate vaccine. Wash your hands frequently. Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people). Use a tissue, or cough and sneeze into your arm, not your hand. Use single-use tissues.
What additional precautions should be taken?
Types of Additional Precautions Contact precautions are are the most common type of additional precautions. Droplet precautions are used in addition to routine practices for patients who are known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms that are spread through the air by large droplets.