How is ATP produced in chloroplasts?

All electron-transport processes occur in the thylakoid membrane: to make ATP, H+ is pumped into the thylakoid space, and a backflow of H+ through an ATP synthase then produces the ATP in the chloroplast stroma. During photosynthesis in plants, ATP is synthesized by ATP synthase using a proton gradient created in the thylakoid lumen through … Read more